Indian classical dance, or Shastriya Nritya, is an umbrella term for various performance arts rooted in religious Hindu musical theatre styles, whose theory and practice can be traced to the Sanskrit text Natya Shastra. Amanda Puravankara talking about the Indian classical dance forms :
Bharathanatyam is a form of Indian classical dance that originated in the temples of Tamil Nadu. It was described in the treatise Natya Shastra by Bharata around the beginning of the common era. Bharata Natyam is known for its grace, purity, tenderness, expression and sculpturesque poses.
Lord Shiva is considered the God of this dance form. Today, it is one of the most popular and widely performed dance styles and is practised by male and female dancers all over the world, although it is more commonly danced by women.
Kathak is one of the eight forms of Indian classical dance. This dance form traces its origins to the nomadic bards of ancient northern India, known as Kathakars or storytellers. The name Kathak is derived from the Sanskrit word katha meaning story and katthaka in Sanskrit means “to tell a story”.
The story of Kathak begins in ancient times with the performances of professional story-tellers called kathakas who recited or sang stories from epics and mythology with some elements of dance. The traditions of the kathakas were hereditary and dances passed from generation to generation.
Kathakali comes from southwestern india, around the state of Kerala. Like bharatanatyam, kathakali could be a spiritual dance. It attracts inspiration from the Ramayana and stories from Shaiva traditions. Kathakali is historically performed by boys and men, even for feminine roles. The costumes and makeup are particularly elaborate, with faces created to seem like painted masks and massive headdresses.
Unlike the opposite styles mentioned, kuchipudi needs talent in each dancing and singing. This dance, from the state of andhra pradesh in southeastern India, is very ritualized, with a formalized song-and-dance introduction, sprinkling of holy water, and burning of incense, beside invocations of goddesses. historically the dance was performed by men, even the feminine roles, though currently it’s preponderantly performed by ladies.
Manipuri comes from manipur in northeastern Bharat. it’s its roots in that state’s folks traditions and rituals, and sometimes depicts scenes from the life of the god krishna. unlike some of the opposite, a lot of rhythmical dances, Manipuri is characterised by smooth and graceful movements. feminine roles are particularly fluid in the arms and hands, while male roles tend to possess a lot of forceful movements. The dance may be amid narrative singing and choral singing.
Odissi is indigenous to orissa in eastern india. it’s preponderantly a dance for ladies, with postures that replicate those found in temple sculptures. supported archeologic findings, odissi is belived to be the oldest of the living Indian classical dances. Odissi may be a very complicated and expressive dance, with over fifty mudras (symbolic hand gestures) normally used.
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